Sky

I N G R E D I E N T S

Amino Acid Complex (arginine, proline leucine, glycine)

At Low molecular weight (900D), effectively penetrating the epidermis, maintaining skin’s hydration, texture, and resilience. Amino acids increase, and support healthy collagen, and peptide synthesis. Peptides are strings of amino acids, which are the building blocks that make up peptides, and proteins like collagen, and elastin fibers. Peptides will signal your skin to boost its production of collagen, and hyaluronic acid, and inhibit the immune response that triggers inflammation.

Allantoin

An extract from the comfrey plant, is a non-irritating ingredient that increases water retention in the epidermis and rebuilds the protective hydro-lipid coat. Allantoin has been shown to stimulate cell division, and epithelialization (wound healing), and accelerate the regeneration process of damaged skin and reduce inflammation. Allantoin also has strong moisturizing, and skin soothing properties, keeps out pollutants and chemicals, and has a high safety of therapy, due to extensive research, in human clinical trials over long periods of time.

Aloe Vera

Stimulates fibroblast which produces collagen, and elastin fibers making the skin more flexible and smooth to the touch. It has cohesive effects on the superficial flaking of epidermal cells by sticking them together, which softens the skin. The amino acids also soften hardened skin cells and zinc acts as an astringent to tighten pores. 75 potentially active constituents: vitamins, enzymes, minerals, sugars, lignin, saponins, salicylic acids and amino acids. Vitamins: It contains vitamins A (beta-carotene), C and E, which are antioxidants. It also contains vitamin B12, folic acid, and choline. Aloe contains monosaccharides called alprogen, a potent anti-inflammatory compound. Bradykinase, a mineral in aloe responsible for reducing excessive inflammation, when applied to the skin topically. Aloe provides Glucomannan, a mannose-rich polysaccharide, and gibberellin, a growth hormone, interacts with growth factor receptors on the fibroblast, thereby stimulating its activity and proliferation, which in turn significantly increases collagen synthesis Due to this, it accelerated wound contraction and increased the breaking strength of resulting scar tissue, and increased synthesis of hyaluronic acid.

Astaxanthin

Is a naturally occurring xanthophyll carotenoid that is found in algae. It is one of nature's most potent antioxidants, neutralizing free radicals, and other oxidants. In terms of antioxidant power, astaxanthin is 6,000 times stronger than vitamin C, 800 times stronger than CoQ10, 550 times stronger than vitamin E and green tea catechins, and 40 times more powerful than beta-carotene. Astaxanthin exerts its beneficial effects on the skin via potent antioxidant, photo-protective (UV-blocking) and anti-inflammatory actions. It acts as a chain-breaking antioxidant, and therefore protects lipid-rich cell membranes from degradative oxidation. Like many carotenoids, it is a colorful, lipid-soluble pigment. In several clinical studies, astaxanthin has been shown to increase skin hydration and elasticity, reduce erythema, decrease hyperpigmentation, and promote skin smoothness, by diminishing fine lines and wrinkles.

Bamboo Charcoal

It has been used for years to treat toxin poisoning, because it latches on to toxins in the stomach, and absorbs them before the bloodstream. The porous surface of activated charcoal has a negative electric charge that causes positively charged toxins and gas to bind to it. The magnet-like properties of activated charcoal attract dirt, heavy metals, and excess oil from your pores, which you then rinse off keeping your skin clear of environmental and oxidative stress. 

Bamboo Extract

The silica from bamboo extract improves skin health by helping the body absorb essential minerals such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Bamboo extract also offers anti-irritant properties, soothing the skin when applied directly.

Beet Extract

Are rich in polysaccharides, Polysaccharides are responsible for the skin's natural ability to hydrate and retain water. They are also critical for skin repair and skin renewal.  They also contain other compounds including Omega‐3, which help regulate the immune response, and minimize inflammation. Beet roots are also rich in anthocyanins and betalains which in addition to giving the beet it’s vivid color, also act as potent antioxidants that prevent extrinsic damage caused by free radicals and reactive oxygen species. Beetroots are also rich in Vitamin C which helps in clearing blemishes and evens out your skin tone while giving it a natural glow. Beetroots are a unique source of betalains, these compounds are known to provide powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and detoxification properties.

Beta Glucan

The results showed that beta‐glucan, despite its large molecular size, deeply penetrated the skin into the epidermis and dermis. Beta glucan is a humectant moisturizer that attracts water to the top layers of skin.  Beta Glucan is approved by the FDA and the EU for its skin repair properties. It works by stimulating fibroblasts, and is even used on surgical implants to speed wound healing. It helps stimulate collagen synthesis, for added strength to the dermal matrix, and provides long term moisturization. Beta-glucans even go so far as to fend off encroaching bacteria that could disrupt the skin's barrier. "Beta-glucans work by stimulating the macrophages (they work to fight off invading pathogens that can cause infections) and stimulate other immune cells to attack pathogens," it was verified that macrophages can also stimulate other cells such as keratinocytes and fibroblasts that re-epithelialize the wound and create new blood vessels to the area in need of healing.

Borage CO2 Extract

Is higher in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), than any currently known naturally occurring oil, (approx double the GLA in Evening Primrose CO2). GLA is a conditionally essential fatty acid for the skin, it is unable to synthesize GLA, and therefore depends on the preformed GLA for optimal structure and function. When your body breaks down GLA, it creates another ingredient called dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA). And when DGLA levels in your body increase, research proves that inflammation in your body decreases significantly. When inflammation is regulated, normal cell function and osmosis are more obtainable. Borage oil has shown consistent success in reducing the severity of acne flare ups, slows down the signs of aging, and even has been shown to significantly reduce the redness and inflammation brought upon by eczema.

Bifida Ferment Lysate

Is a type of probiotic obtained by the fermentation of Bifida. Studies have found that it helps prevent skin damage from exposure to UV light, hydrate the skin, and strengthen the skin's immune system of the participants. The ingredient had also helped soothe inflammation and reduce dry skin.

Calendula Extract

Extracted from marigold flowers, it has been used for centuries in holistic circles for its purported skin-soothing abilities, and as a treatment in eczema, acne and healing broken skin. Calendula oil is naturally anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and is beneficial for all skin types, including dry and sensitive. It's also been shown in some studies to aid in collagen synthesis. Calendula has antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties that make it useful in healing wounds, treating acne, soothing eczema, and relieving redness and inflammation. It's also used as an antiseptic.

Camellia Seed Oil

Is also a natural source of antioxidants and vitamins like vitamin A and B. The antioxidant composition of the oil is probably the most notable reason for its anti-aging abilities, as these help to improve skin elasticity, nourish skin cells, and prevent the formation of wrinkles and fine lines.

Camu Camu Extract

The vitamin C levels of camu camu fruits range from 1,882 milligrams to 2,280 milligrams per 100 grams of fresh fruit, That’s 40 times more than oranges Camu camu is also jam-packed with other vitamins and minerals including iron, niacin, riboflavin, phosphorus, potassium, beta-carotene, calcium, and amino acids.

Carbomer

Carbomer is a large molecule that has the ability to absorb and retain large amounts of water, enhancing penetration of Peptides.

Castor Bean

Is rich in ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid. These types of fats act as humectants and can be used to moisturize the skin. Humectants retain moisture by preventing water loss through the outer layer of the skin. Castor oil stimulates tissue growth so that a barrier can be formed between the wound and the environment, decreasing the risk of infection. It also reduces dryness and cornification, the buildup of dead skin cells that can delay wound healing.

Ceramide Complex (ceramide NP, ceramide AP, ceramide EOP)

Ceramides make up 50% of the skin barrier. Ceramides are lipids that help form the skin’s barrier, they are naturally occurring but diminishing over time, and people with acne tend to have less. Ceramides are fatty acids in-between skin cells that help form the skin barrier, rebuild and restore the protective barrier, increase skin ability to retain moisture, visibly diminish signs of aging, prevent water loss from occurring, and protect the skin against pollution and chemical exposure.

Cetyl Alcohol

Emulsifying wax derived from coconut.

Chia Seed Oil

Fights irritation, UV damage, and even tackles stubborn blemishes. Chia seed oil’s main claim to fame is in the hydration department. It’s high-fiber content physically pulls water into the skin to help maintain moisture levels, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and even helping to relieve dryness. Chia seed oil is the oil extracted from chia seeds. It's rich in skin-strengthening omega fatty acids, vitamin B3 and zinc. Zinc kills antimicrobial, and antibacterial properties that commonly trigger acne, reduces inflammation and redness, cleanse clogged pores reduces possibility for the recurrence of acne.  About 75% of the fats in chia seeds consist of the omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). Not only do the essential fatty acids in Omega 3 benefit skin by soothing your body's inflammatory response to balance excess sebum and kill bacteria, regulate acne-causing hormones, such as testosterone and androgen.

Cholesterol

Efficiently decreased transepidermal water loss in areas of barrier-disrupted skin. Topical cholesterol reduces contact hypersensitivity by normalizing secretion of hormonally active cortisol from the skin.

Coconut Water (Fermented)

Electrolytes help conduct electricity when mixed with water, enabling cells to regulate pH levels, enhances cell signaling, increases water retention and provides long term hydration. Coconut water is full of essential amino acids, one of the primary  building blocks of protein, Coconut water contains more amino acids, alanine, arginine, cysteine, and serine than cow's milk,  while also containing enzymes, antioxidants and skin nourishing phytonutrients. Coconut water is also a natural source of cytokinins, which are plant growth hormones that have been known to provide anti-aging benefits. These hormones regulate growth, development and aging, as they influence the rate at which plants age.

Coenzyme Q10

Is found in every cell of the human body. A coenzyme is a substance that enhances or is necessary for the action of enzymes, generally smaller than the enzymes. CoQ10 is vital in energy production in mitochondria. Coenzyme Q10 in humans begins at low levels when we are young, peaks in our late teens, and begins to decline after 20 years of age. CoQ10 can keep your cells active and energized, helping your cells rid of toxins, The potent antioxidant function of CoQ10 helps it to protect the skin at the molecular level from the damaging effects of the sun and from damage by free radicals also helps regulate melanin synthesis preventing dark marks and scars.

Cucumber Hydrosol

With at least 95% water content, the fresh cucumber is still a source of vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B6, thiamin, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, and manganese. Magnesium can help to protect your skin from external damage, as it regulates cellular regeneration and repair, increasing the recovery when skin is disturbed, and strength when it's under attack. cucumbers are primarily composed of water but also contain ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and caffeic acid, both of which prevent water retention, help soothe skin irritations and reduce swelling. Cucumbers’ hard skin is rich in fiber and contains a variety of beneficial minerals including silica. Studies have shown that silica can help to form the building blocks of collagen, a protein found in your skin, cartilage, that  helps to keep your skin elastic, and is an essential component of healthy connective tissue.

Dead Sea Minerals

The Dead Sea, located in western Asia, contains an abundance of minerals such as magnesium, sodium and potassium, which enhance your skin's ability to retain moisture, reduce inflammation, dryness, and improve your skin's overall health and appearance.

Dipeptide-5

Peptides are small, synthetic active compounds with a known mode of action proven to effectively address common signs of aging, Proven to reduce the appearance of fine lines, By stimulating collagen production, peptides give your skin the impression of being more plump, and smoother texture.

French Green Clay

Is quarry mined from deposits that can range anywhere from 100 feet to several thousand feet. the constitution of its micro molecules absorbs, and holds excess oils, toxic substances, and impurities from your skin. It stimulates the skin by bringing fresh blood to damaged skin cells, revitalizing the complexion, and increasing cell turnover rate, regulating sebum production, and tightening pores.

Evening Primrose CO2

EPO topical products work by bringing your body’s fatty acid ratio into balance. Evening primrose GLA. Not only does evening primrose oil moisturise and soothe, it can enhance the texture and elasticity of skin, addressing dryness, irritation, roughness and wrinkles.The evening primrose plant contains high amounts of the omega-6 fatty acid GLA. When your body breaks down GLA, it creates another ingredient called dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA). And when DGLA levels in your body increase, researchTrusted Source shows that inflammation in your body goes down.

Glycoproteins

Short carbohydrate chains protruding out from the cell surface, known as glycolipids and glycoproteins. They form hydrogen bonds with the water molecules surrounding the cell and thus help to stabilize membrane structure.

Glycerin

Also known as glycerol, is a natural compound derived from vegetable oils. Glycerin is a humectant, a type of moisturizing agent that pulls water into the outer layer of your skin from deeper levels of your skin. They’re known for their ability to retain moisture while also preserving the properties of the product at hand.

Goji Berry Oil

Has a reputation for being what is termed a “superfood” because of all of the antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that are contained within it. Goji berry extract proved effective in down-regulating tyrosinase activity and melanin content, which are responsible for skin coloration. This helps to reduce the appearance of skin-hyperpigmentation and uneven skin tones. In addition, goji berry extract also contains high concentrations of vitamins that actively show antioxidant abilities and diminished oxidative stress.

Gotu Kola

This potent combination of amino acids, beta carotene, fatty acids and phytochemicals helps to fight off the signs of aging and to protect itself from environmental stressors. Promoting fibroblast proliferation, increasing the synthesis of collagen, intracellular fibronectin content. Improvement of the tensile strength of newly formed skin, as well as inhibiting the inflammatory phase of scars and sensitivity. Research results indicate that it can be used in the treatment of photoaging skin. Gotu kola is rich in triterpene saponins, a compound that helps keep skin tighter and firmer and is also a great source of phytonutrients called flavonoids that act as antioxidants, and fight off free radical damage. Gotu kola is most known for its ability to improve blood circulation, and  help to visibly plump the skin. The terpenoids found in gotu kola have been shown to cause a significant increase in the percentage of collagen, and cell layer fibronectin. The most beneficial effects are the stimulation of scar maturation by the production of type I collagen, decrease in the inflammatory reaction and myofibroblast production.

Green Tea CO2 Extract

comes from the seeds of Camellia oleifera, related to the same polyphenol-rich plant that gives us green tea. Tea seed oil contains special polyphenols like triterpenes, saponins, and kaempferol shown in studies to lower inflammation and guard against oxidative stress. Like olive oil, tea seed oil contains a similar fatty acid profile, the majority composed of oleic acid, but contains even more of the anti-inflammatory rich omega-3s. We confirmed the antioxidant activity of EGCG and also showed a preventive effect against radical-evoked apoptosis by downregulation of caspase-8 and -3 in HaCaT cells. EGCG reduces melanin secretion, and production in melanoma cells. effects on skin hydration, moisture retention, and wrinkle formation, in addition to radical scavenging activity and reduction of melanin generation. EGCG can accelerate the wound-healing process and prevent scarring. Stimulation of mitochondrial increases mitochondrial proteins and mass, improves function, and is an attractive strategy for promoting cell repair and regeneration, preserving organ function and treating a number of pathologies resulting from damage/inhibition of mitochondrial function.

Jojoba Oil (organic)

Is in fact not oil at all. It is actually a wax ester, it works incredibly well for balancing both dry and oily prone skin types. It is a lightweight ingredient and absorbs easily and is non comedogenic, so it does not cause excess build up or ance. As it helps to balance the production of sebum, locks in moisture, and enhances the skin barriers ability, to even further prevent environmental damage, from pathogens or oxidative harm.

Kojic Acid

A natural product derived from mushrooms, Kojic Acid has been used successfully to lighten age spots and skin discolouration. Kojic Acid also displays powerful antioxidant properties helping to protect skin against free radical damage. Kojic acid inhibits and prevents the formation of tyrosine, which is an amino acid that’s needed to produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment that affects hair, skin, and eye color. Because it inhibits the production of melanin, kojic acid can fade hyperpigmentation and acne scars. Kojic acid can help scavenge and counteract skin-damaging free radicals caused by exposure to things such as UV damage and pollution.

Lactobacillus

Is a gram-positive bacteria that produces antimicrobial peptides, which when applied to the skin can act like an anti-inflammatory as well as enhance the antimicrobial properties of the skin. Clinical studies were conducted to determine the effect of lactobacillus extract on improvement of skin barrier and reduction of erythema from chemical irritants, skin microflora, and acne. Results show that lactobacillus extract was effective in reducing skin erythema, repairing skin barrier, and reducing skin microflora, thereby exhibiting an effective reduction in acne lesion size and erythema at 5%.

Lactobacillus/(Pumpkin Seed Bio Ferment)

Loaded with antioxidants and nutrients, it is a formidable, yet gentle ingredient perfect for anti-aging products. Rich in vitamins A and C, pumpkin will help soothe and soften skin as well as repair free radical and environmental damage. Pumpkin also contains natural enzymes and alpha hydroxy acids, so it aids in removing dead skin cells on the surface and increasing cell turnover, thereby giving skin a smoother and brighter appearance. Good for hydrating dry skin due to its essential fatty acids, pumpkin can be just as beneficial in controlling excess oil and fighting acne since it is a rich source of the minerals copper and zinc as well as vitamin E.

Lactobacillus/(tomato bio ferment)

Fermentation of Tomato, is used to harness a bi-enzyme complex. This fruit has several other advantages to offer other than just the enzymes themselves. Tomato is rich in vitamins, minerals and a variety of potent phytochemicals. For our purposes, there are two specific materials of interest: serine and lycopene. In plants, cysteine biosynthesis is critical for sulfur assimilation. Two enzymes that exist as a bi-enzyme complex govern the biotransformation of serine to cysteine.

LD-panthenol (vitamin B5)

Has been proven in human clinical trials, to significantly reduce the skin's ability to retain moisture, and prevent trans epidermal water loss.variety of enzyme-catalyzed reactions that are important in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids, proteins, gluconeogenesis, sterols, steroid hormones, and porphyrins. improving stratum corneum hydration, reducing transepidermal water loss and maintaining skin softness and elasticity. Activation of fibroblast proliferation, which is of relevance in wound healing, has been observed both in vitro and in vivo.

Leucidal Liquid (All natural radish ferment preserve) Leucidal®

Derived from Leuconostoc kimchii, the bacteria that has traditionally been used to make kimchi. This product consists of a peptide that is secreted from the bacteria during the fermentation process that has been shown to have antimicrobial benefits. Challenge testing has demonstrated that 2% Leucidal® Liquid in a cream base is able to successfully inhibit microbial growth. Leucidal Liquid is odorless, non-irritating, and is an all natural preserve.

Licorice Root Extract

Inhibits the production of an enzyme needed to produce melanin (pigment) in the skin, helps remove excess melanin, and has anti-inflammatory benefits.

Manuka Honey (MGO 400+)

Methylglyoxal (MGO) forms naturally in the nectar of the flowers of Manuka Bush, ready for collection by the honey-bee, Methylglyoxal (MGO) is transferred into the honey where it remains stable. Any MGO 400+ and above is proven to kill a large number of powerful bacteria and viruses immune to other classic antibiotics. Honey also contains an enzyme called glucose oxidase which breaks down glucose sugars and generates hydrogen peroxide. Methylglyoxal found in Manuka Honey is resistant to heat, light, body fluids and enzymatic activity. Molecules of Methylglyoxal have demonstrated high activity against any Streptococcus (like MRSA), H. pylori, E. coli and other bacteria resistant to classic antibiotic drugs. higher the MGO level, the stronger the antibacterial level in Manuka Honey.

Medium Chain Triglycerides

MCTs or Medium Chain Triglycerides (of Medium Chain Fatty Acids) are fatty acids of a certain length, as the name suggests. MCT oil is an oil made up of one or more of these medium chain triglycerides, MCT oil can be extracted from coconuts.  coconut oil is 62% MCT oil. The fat found in pure MCT oil is rapidly absorbed and will not clog pores, locks in moisture and smooths the texture of the skin, ennances elasticity, fights candida, and bacterial growth. Mct oil has been shown to both reduce signs of aging and help prevent acne.

Micrococcus Lysate (soil bacterium)

Bacterium found in marine water and soils Endonuclease is the enzyme that has been shown recognizes UV-DNA damage with its essential function being to naturally repair the damage at a cellular level. FSS Micrococcus Lysate is an endonuclease that is derived from Micrococcus luteus and encapsulated into a liposome for enhanced delivery, to even further enhance DNA repair, monoacylglycerol hydrolysis, and beta-lactone synthesis. 

Mugwort (artemisia)

Which is mainly composed of β-pinene, α-pinene, camphor, and 1,8-cineole, has diverse applications including as an antioxidant, antibacterial, anti fungal. Not only will it assist in the killing of the pathogens, it is a strong astringent that clears pores of acne causing dirt and oil build up. Mugwort also contains chamazulene, which helps calm redness, increase cell turnover rate, and regulate immune response by inhibiting the leukotriene synthesis (cells that promote inflammation).  Camphor, another component found in mugwort, is attributed to its soothing anti-inflammatory properties. Pinene is an antiviral agent,  It also contains advanced anti-inflammatory properties .

Myrrh Oil

Can directly kill bacteria, as well as stimulate the immune system to make more white blood cells, which also kill bacteria myrrh oil has strong effects against several infectious bacteria, including some drug-resistant ones, myrrh oil alone inhibited 43–61% of the growth of five fungi that cause skin conditions, including ringworm and athlete’s foot myrrh oil was more effective at fighting free radicals .myrrh oil was more effective than vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant, at fighting free radicalsOne test-tube study found that SPF 15 sunscreen with added myrrh oil was significantly more effective at blocking ultraviolet rays than the sunscreen alone.

Niacinamide

Also known as vitamin B3, this compound has been clinically proven for years  to help brighten the complexion, reduce water loss and wrinkle formation, fight inflammation, prevent barrier function defects, regulates sebum production and anti-inflammatory activity,  all of which are essential for preventing acne, and oxidation damage  that leads to signs of aging.  Niacinamide reduces pore size,  visibly plums and smooths skin texture. Vitamin B3 uniquely enhances the  bioavailability of retinol, peptides, hyaluronic acid, AHAs, BHA, vitamin C, and all types of antioxidants.

Oatmeal Extract

Soaks up the excess oil on your skin and helps to treat acne breakouts. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties help to treat dry skin and remove dead skin cells. Oats also contain compounds called saponins, which are natural cleansers. They remove the dirt and oil that clog the pores and exfoliate the skin. Avenanthramides are phenolic compounds present in oats, and are able to combat the oxidative stress, avenanthramides inhibit neurogenic inflammation, which is defined as an inflammation triggered by the nervous system.

Olive Oil

Naturally high in squalene, an oil that mimics your skin's natural sebum, so it'll leave your skin barrier extra smooth and soft, and it's also full of antioxidants that work to fight environmental skin damage. Olive oil is also rich in vitamin E, which absorbs UV rays, preventing UV-induced free radical damage to skin. Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant that can rebuild cell formation, and limit DNA damage, by reducing lipid peroxidation, reducing the many chemical, and structural changes to skin after UV exposure. Hydroxytyrosol, a rather rare compound found in olive oil, also prevents free radical damage to the skin. Olive tree polyphenols may be responsible for some of the properties of medical interest in this plant; these include anti-atherogenic, antihepatotoxic, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antiviral and immunomodulatory activities

Tripeptide 5

In-vitro tests showed that tripeptide has been found to improve significantly, the appearance of any type of wrinkles. Has good skin firming, and moisturizing properties, Leads to skin compactness, reduces appearance of wrinkles, increases tonicity & firmness makes the skin look firmer, younger, and rejuvenated, and nourished Clinical studies in vitro and in vivo have shown significant skin improvement.

Phytosphingosine

Another lipid that plays a crucial role in the skin barrier, both helping to minimize the likelihood of skin irritation and keeping skin hydrated.

Think of the skin barrier as a brick wall—the cells are the bricks, and the phytosphingosine (and ceramides) make up the mortar in between. Losing that mortar and the brick wall is going to have trouble staying intact.

Pullulan (derived from fungi)

Is a polysaccharide polymer, which basically means that it’s a big molecule made up of smaller sugar molecule units. It dissolves in water and can make a thin, elastic, and moisture-absorbing film when spread on the skin that can cause an instant tightening effect. It can also be used as a thickener to get a silicone-like feel

Pumpkin Seed Oil pumpkin seed oil

With high content of oleic and linoleic acid (41.4% and 37.0%, respectively) rich in vitamin E, zinc, omega 3- and 6- fatty acids as well as antioxidants. Research has found pumpkin seed oil can inhibit the enzyme known as 5-alpha reductase enzyme, which has been shown to slow and stop hair growth. Pumpkin seed oil contains phytosterols which reduce redness, or inflammation that comes from acne, to make it appear less inflamed. Pumpkins vitamin C content has been shown to support the production of collagen, which helps skin retain elasticity and firmness. Furthermore, zinc along with vitamin C protect and help in the production of collagen and elastin fibers which enhances tone and reduces the signs of aging.

Prickly pear oil

Contains the highest amount of vitamin E of any other beauty oil on the market. It contains 150% more vitamin E than argan oil. This oil is also extremely rich in essential fatty acids including omega 6 and 9, antioxidants, polyphenols, amino acids and vitamin K. Vitamin K2 synthesis is required for vascular endothelial cell survival and development. Vitamin k helps plump skin diminishing fine lines and wrinkles, while evening skin tone and reducing dark circles. Vitamin K helps to brighten hyperpigmentation areas such as dark spots as well as being of benefit for under-eye dark circles. Vitamin k protects endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells, and inhibits the calcification of blood vessels by inhibiting the apoptosis (death of cells) of vascular smooth muscle cells. Prickly pear oil is light quick absorbing, and has a high content of linoleic acid was established as the major fatty acid, (over. 80%) of unsaturated fatty acids with a linoleic acid content of 62%. inflammation and redness especially for those prone to rosacea, eczema, psoriasis. vitamin K strengthens the skin's natural barrier function, enabling it to grow stronger and to retain hydration for longer

Quinoa Protein

This contains a higher total content of essential amino acids such as methionine, cysteine, and lysine. In addition, the plant displays potent antioxidant capabilities that far exceed its nutritional counterparts, with the ability to swiftly deplete free radicals. The high amino acid content will help to restore hydration to the epidermis. Quinoa Protein increases cell metabolism and viability. By fermenting the Quinoa seeds with the bacteria Lactobacillus lactis we are able to isolate and concentrate the naturally occurring proteins of the seed and thus standardize the amino acid content. Quinoa is unique in that its amino acid composition differs from that of traditional grains.

Royal Jelly

Containing a protein content of almost 13%, royal jelly is also a good source of vitamins A, E, C, enzymes, fatty acids, sterols, DNA, RNA, gelatin, and immune proteins. It’s the single protein, called royalactin, in royal jelly that causes a young bee larva to develop into a queen bee and this is why longevity and size are greater, of the queen bee, compared to the worker bees. Royal jelly is composed of a significant number of bioactive compounds, including 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (HAD), which regulate immune response functions, wound healing, clearance of infection, tissue regeneration, and minimize inflammation. The antioxidant compounds found in royal jelly can also work to eliminate the free radicals that normally cause premature cell aging. Royal jelly has been shown to prevent the growth of acne bacteria, speed up the healing of acne, and minimize the appearance of break out.

Sclerotium Gum

A plant-derived, gel-like polysaccharide (sugar-based) ingredient that's used in cosmetics to thicken and stabilize formulas. It is considered safe as used in cosmetics, and is similar to xanthan gum

Sea Buckthorn

With close to 200 properties, sea-buckthorn oil is a valuable addition to your health and beauty regime. Known to be the richest natural source of Beta Carotene, a potent O2 quencher and unique free radical scavenger. β-carotene protects human skin from UV light-induced erythema. Sea buckthorn oil contains a rich source of vitamin E, vitamin C omega 7, and up to 25% omega 6 (GLA). Omega-7s (palmitoleic acid) also boost the body's production of collagen and elastin proteins. It does so by balancing levels of an inflammatory marker called C-reactive protein (CRP). Omega 6 Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) easily penetrates through the epidermis and is converted to prostaglandins, building material for components of intercellular cement that binds epidermis cells. Gamma-linolenic acid improves blood circulation and reduces inflammation by regulating T cells and immune response. The antioxidant properties of vitamin C,(ascorbic acid) Promote collagen synthesis, and provide UV ray protection.

Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer

A modified form of skin-replenishing hyaluronic acid attached to a polymer structure that keeps it within skin’s uppermost layers for longer. Sodium hyaluronate crosspolymer and is not animal-derived.(1-2 million Da molecular weight) are chemically bound together to create a big, "infinite" mesh.The special HA mesh has a remarkable water-binding capacity, 5 times more than the already crazy water-binding capacity of "normal" HA. This water filled crosslinked HA and continuously delivers the bound water, so it gives skin long-term moisturizing benefits by increasing water retention significantly, proven to be non irritating the lower molecular weight HAs, and works just as effectively.

Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate

Seerve an important purpose in helping product formulation. Moisturizer and anti microbial.

Squalane

Creates a protective lipid barrier on the skin by blocking the moisture from escaping leaving the skin hydrated. It also exists in human sebum at 2.4%. Squalene is an excellent moisturizer, great for boosting hydration and replacing moisture loss. Squalene’s texture is featherweight and non-greasy, and it penetrates into the skin quickly. Squalene minimizes the appearance of fine lines while also helping slow their formation, restoring healthy suppleness and flexibility without leaving an oily feel.

Sulfur Organic

It is the third most abundant mineral in the human body. Sulfur seems to have antibacterial effects against the bacteria that cause acne. It also might help promote the loosening and shedding of skin. Sulfur helps dry out the surface of your skin to help absorb excess oil (sebum) that may contribute to acne breakouts. It also dries out dead skin cells to help unclog your pores.

Turmeric

The curcumin found in turmeric can help wounds heal, by decreasing hyperpigmentation, decreasing sensitivity, oxidation, and significantly regulates inflammatory response. This results in your wounds healing more quickly. Studies have found that turmeric can positively affect tissue and collagen, in both quality and quantity, reduce pore size, and control acne breakouts. Turmeric constituents include the three curcuminoids: curcumin (diferuloylmethane; the primary constituent and the one responsible for its vibrant yellow color), demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin, as well as volatile oils (tumerone, atlantone, and zingiberene). Turmeric has been linked to numerous biological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antigrowth, anti-arthritic, anti-atherosclerotic, antidepressant, anti-aging, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, wound healing.

Vitamin C

Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate (MAP) is a water-soluble, non-irritating, stable derivative of Vitamin C.It is more stable than L-ascorbic acid and is as effective as vitamin C to boost skin collagen synthesis but is effective in significantly lower concentrations.

White Willow Bark

Natural contains salicylic acid, or salicylates, known to promote cell renewal and antimicrobial activity shown to be effective for treating acne. It can be concluded that salicin has the ability to reduce the visible signs of skin aging when applied topically, provides gentle, yet highly effective, exfoliating benefits and will not irritate the skin. Pores can be easily irritated and/or clogged by dead skin, both of which cause them to appear larger. Exfoliation helps remove dead skin, as well as dirt and debris, while smoothing the skin for visibly more even tone and texture. The process of exfoliation prevents the inflammation and irritation of pores, due to dead skin and build up, further helping to reduce the chances of acne to occur or worsen. 

Xanthan Gum

Natural ingredient used as a thickening agent, texture enhancer, and to stabilize emulsions, which is a general term for mixtures of unlike substances such as oil and water.

Zinc Oxide

Known as a topical protectant, zinc oxide works like a gentle astringent that also comes with antiseptic action. One of the safest ingredients, zinc oxide can give your skin the protection it needs from harmful UV rays. It helps protect cells from being damaged, halts the ageing process, and prevents skin dryness by filtering out the harmful UV rays, Kill Antimicrobial and antibacterial properties that commonly trigger acne, reduces inflammation that also occurs as a reaction to bacteria-induced acne,  cleanse clogged pores reduces possibility for the recurrence of acne. Aside from providing effective sun protection, researches also reveal that zinc oxide facilitates the growth of new tissues, heals skin, and prevents inflammation. Zinc and other trace minerals are required by the body for collagen synthesis which is essential in the formation and repair of connective tissue.